Oil-seal Materials

Materials and Oil-seal Compounds 

This page contains information about Oil-seal Materials.

Acrylate natural rubber (ACM)

Acrylate-natural rubber is its excellent heat and hot oil resistance. ACM is resistant to motor oils with modern additives, gearbox oil, lubricants etc. In addition there is the high oxidation and ozone resistance of a saturated polymer chain. Temperature range from -20 °C to +175°C.

Acrylonitrile-buta-diene natural rubber (NBR - Nitrile)

NBR rubber is above all resistant to oils, especially hydraulic oils, lubricants, petrol and other aliphatic hydrocarbons, diluted acids and lyes. Good physical values such as high friction resistance and ruggedness and good temperature resistance (-25 °C up to +120 °C, in part to -40 °C) give this natural rubber a wide range of uses.

Ethylen-Propylen-Dien-Kautschuk (EPDM)

The range of uses of peroxydically cross-linked EPDM includes in hot water and steam seals. EPDM is also very resistant to ageing and ozone. Compared with the usual types of synthesis natural rubber it has good resistance to cold temperatures. EPDM is not resistant to aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons or mineral oil products. Resistance to chemicals, and also to oxidising agents, is very good. Temperature range from -50 °C to +140 °C depending on type.

Fluoro natural rubber (FPM - FKM - Viton)

Outstanding resistance to mineral oils, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as CHCs, concentrated and diluted acids, and weak alkalis. Excellent resistance to high temperatures (up to 200 °C) and a low temperature resistance down to -40 °C depending on the type used as well as good mechanical attributes and an exceptionally good ageing resistance make FPM a cut well above the usual synthesis natural rubbers.

Hydrogenated nitrile natural rubber (HNBR)

O-rings made of HNBR are characterised by excellent properties that include high resistance to mineral oils with additives, low steam and gas permeability, good cold flexibility down to -30 °C depending on type, good ozone resistance and friction resistance. HNBR seals withstand heat up to 150°C.

Polytetrafluoro-ethylene (PTFE - Teflon)

Broad chemical resistance, except against liquid alkaline metals and fluorine gas under pressure. Good sliding qualities, low wear and tear. Temperature range from -200 °C to +260°C. PTFE has hardness of approximately 95 °Shore and installing these O-rings in split grooves is recommended or alternatively the use slit or sheathed types due to the low elasticity.

Silicone rubber (VMQ)

Areas of application of this rubber are suggested by its outstanding temperature resistance (-55 °C to +200 °C), although this must not be applied to hot water or steam. Although silicone rubber almost matches NBR in oil resistance, it does not match the latter's physical and mechanical properties.  

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